19:15 Gulfstream (USA) 15 Jun 2018

Race 1 - Claiming (3YO plus)

Winner $15,120 - 8 run - Draw Advantage: None

1

1m

Firm

Weighed In
No. Form Silk / Saddlecloth / Horse Name Age / wt Jockey / trainer
1
80-1457
i
1
Black (Fridge And Rodney Investments)

Big Fridge 8 

b c Majestic Warrior - Jump Jivin Jade (Gentlemen)

D
Withdrawn
2
551341
i
2
Yellow, red ball, red collar, red sleeves, yellow hoops, red cap (Top Racing Llc)

Stay On Base 9 

dk c Stay Thirsty - Touchallthebases (Grand Slam)

D
3 8-6
Edgard ZayasAntonio Sano
3
4214
i
3
Royal blue, green star, green band on sleeves, royal blue cap (Just For Fun Stable LLC)

My Rules 40 

dk g Passion For Gold - Sasha's Reward (Officer)

D
3 8-4
Leonel ReyesOscar Gonzalez
4
2-33218
i
4
Yellow, lime chevrons, orange dots on sleeves, yellow cap (Big Lick Farm)

Put The Hat Back 40 

dk g Put It Back - Aly's Sunday Hat (Hat Trick)

D
4 8-10
Samy CamachoReid Nagle
5
473223
i
5
Black, white braces, white stripe on sleeves (Arriagada, Juan, Hassig, Steve And McEnroe, Michael)

Billy Big (IRE)  18 

b g Royal Applause - Nutkin (Act One)

D
4 8-10
Roberto Alvarado JrJuan Arriagada
6
3162
i
6
Black, white bars on sleeves, white cap (Fawkes Racing, Inc , Anthony, Melissa And Bishop, Chester A)

Foolish Prince 19 

ch g Duke Of Mischief - Phaedra (Pentelicus)

D
Non Runner
7
018-545
i
7
Lilac, black circle, black rose bud, black collar and cap (Jsm Equine Llc)

Wake Me Up At Noon 54 

b g Temple City - Tiz The Mambo (Tiznow)

D
3 8-4 (ow1)
Nik JuarezNorm Casse
8
2-41389
i
8
Orange, blue diamonds, blue sleeves, orange cap (Domino Enterprises Inc)

Seattle Treasure 54 

b c Treasure Beach - Seattle Showers (Seattle Slew)

D
3 8-4 (ow1)
Tyler GaffalioneDavid Fawkes
9
294212
i
9
WHITE, yellow diamond, red sleeves, red cap (Hernandez Racing Club)

Going To The Beach 18 

b g Treasure Beach - Elective (Grand Slam)

D
3 8-4
Emisael JaramilloArmando De
10
15-683
i
10
Turquoise, yellow circle (Firefly Farm Racing Llc)

Lost Kingdom 63 

ch g Leroidesanimaux - Remember Love (A.P. Indy)

D
4 8-10
Jose AlvarezJoseph Hennessy
Verdict

STAY ON BASE gamely notched up a third career success over the extended 1m here when last sighted and he could strike again if arriving in the same determined mood. Foolish Prince and My Rules are just a couple more with claims.

19:47 Gulfstream (USA) (Dirt) 15 Jun 2018

Race 2 - Maiden Claiming (2YO only)

Winner $26,145 - 7 run - Draw Advantage: None

2

4f 110y

Fast (Dirt)

Weighed In
No. Form Silk / Saddlecloth / Horse Name Age / wt Jockey / trainer
1
9
i
1
Red, yellow dots, black sleeves, red cap (David Brownlee)

Nairobi 14 

dk g Tizway - Evening Show (Master Command)

2 8-6 b1
Luis CastilloJuan Arias
2
i
2
Orange and white checks, white cap (Wilson, Holly And David)

Tanker 

b g Northern Afleet - A Party for Two (Lear Fan)

2 8-6
Jilver ChamafiMary Lightner
3
i
3
Blue, white diamond frame, white diamonds on sleeves, blue cap (Miller, David E , Preuss, Fred, Werner, Tony And Meiners, Mike)

Schnitzelburggiant 

gr/ c Giant's Causeway - Beale Street Belle (Tapit)

2 8-6
Jose AlvarezDavid Kassen
4
i
4
Red, white horse, red cap (Thoroughbred Champions Training Center Llc)

Gem Juan 

dk c Gemologist - Jovani (Broad Brush)

2 8-6
Jorge PerezJaime Mejia
5
3
i
5
Red, yellow sleeves (The 3 Maria's Racing Stable And Passion Stable, Inc)

Passionate Hachi 13 

dk c Gone Astray - Passion Candy (Candy Ride)

2 8-6
Leonel ReyesAntonio Sano
6
i
6
Black, gold sash, gold sleeves, black cap (Blackacre Farms, Inc)

Honor This 

b c To Honor And Serve - Affirmed Dancer (Affirmed)

2 8-6
Reylu GutierrezMichael Yates
7
6
i
7
Red, white hoops, green band on white sleeves, red cap (Monarch Stables, Inc)

Handsome Chewy 14 

dk c Handsome Mike - Rgirldoesn'tbluff (Pine Bluff)

2 8-6
Miguel VasquezMarcus Vitali
Verdict

PASSIONATE HACHI made a bright start to his racing career when third over this track and trip and with normal improvement expected, he rates the one to beat. Handsome Chewy is expected to build on his debut sixth, while Tanker makes most appeal of the newcomers.

20:19 Gulfstream (USA) 15 Jun 2018

Race 3 - Starter Optional Claiming (3YO plus)

Winner $23,940 - 6 run - Draw Advantage: None

3

1m

Firm

Weighed In
No. Form Silk / Saddlecloth / Horse Name Age / wt Jockey / trainer
1
1
i
1
Black, gold shield (Gelfenstein Farm)

Gemonteer 47 

ch c Distorted Humor - Letters in Silver (Silver Hawk)

D
3 8-4
Miguel VasquezJena Antonucci
2
1253-12
i
2
Purple, white diamonds, purple cap (Diamond Racing, Inc , Four Star Thunder Run, Llc And Janssen, Jay And Joan)

Hideaway Hero 48 

gr/ g Redding Colliery - Bel Air Kid (Lemon Drop Kid)

D
4 8-10
Jesus RiosJr Leo Gabriel,
3
18515
i
3
Silver, red star, red cap (Angel Ubarri)

General Paddy 18 

b c Paddy O'prado - General's Affair (Patton)

D
3 8-4
Emisael JaramilloArmando De
4
292-433
i
4
Black, gold chevrons, gold chevrons on sleeves, black cap (Calumet Farm)

Bon Raison 48 

dk c Raison D'etat - Padmore (French Deputy)

3 8-4 (ow1)
Tyler GaffalioneTodd Pletcher
5
645915
i
5
lime green, white sash, white bars on sleeves, lime green cap (Magic Stables Llc)

Cometin 8 

ch c Trappe Shot - Figurehead (Deputy Minister)

D
3 8-4
Edgard ZayasAntonio Sano
6
8-63061
i
6
Royal blue, gold triangle, royal blue cap (Collarmele Vitelli Stables Llc)

Porter Street 33 

gr/ c Giant's Causeway - Marylebone (Unbridled's Song)

D
4 8-10
Oscar UlloaSaffie Joseph
Verdict

GEMONTEER made the perfect start to his racing career when scoring cosily over 7 1/2f here and with natural improvement anticipated, he is fancied to complete the double. Hideaway Hero and Bon Raison, closely matched on their recent clash, are feared most.

20:52 Gulfstream (USA) (Dirt) 15 Jun 2018

Race 4 - Maiden Claiming (2YO only)

Winner $21,105 - 8 run - Draw Advantage: None

4

4f 110y

Fast (Dirt)

Weighed In
No. Form Silk / Saddlecloth / Horse Name Age / wt Jockey / trainer
1
i
1
Black and lime halves, lime sleeves, black cap (Midwest Thoroughbreds, Inc)

Organic Jenny 

dk c Brethren - Halo Victory (Victory Gallop)

2 8-6
Reylu GutierrezArmando De
2
6
i
2
Blue, white star on red triangle, white sleeves, red cap (Angel Maestre)

Marcelino 28 

b c First Dude - Mami Nena (High Yield)

2 8-6
Jilver ChamafiGillian Andreasen
3
88
i
3
Pink (Maria Ines)

Secretario 21 

ch c English Channel - Gatherindy (A.P. Indy)

2 8-6
Jorge PerezJaime Mejia
4
i
4
Navy, gold pegasus, navy cap (B G Havari, Inc)

Karas 

ch c Flashstorm - Magic Box (Elusive Quality)

2 8-6
Jesus RiosAntonio Sano
5
i
5
Green, white yoke, white chevrons on sleeves (Stonehedge Llc)

Yale Deal 

dk g Factum - Brown Eyed Sue (Sabre d'Argent)

2 8-6
Edgard ZayasKathleen O'Connell
6
75
i
6
Royal blue and grey blocks, grey band on sleeves, royal blue cap (Rick Arnold)

Gator Fifty Two 21 

ch g Brethren - Annie Bo Janie (Keyed Entry)

2 8-6
Aby MedinaRichard Arnold
7
7
i
7
Black, black cap (Michael Laurato)

Dumaine 21 

b g Union Rags - Fond Of You (Stormy Atlantic)

2 8-6
Marcos MenesesMichael Laurato
8
653
i
8
White, blue sash, blue dots on white sleeves, white cap (Amalio Ruiz-lozano)

Rosas For Jimmy 21 

ch c Jimmy Creed - Mizz Wee (Mizzen Mast)

2 8-6
Oscar UlloaAndy Williams
Verdict

ROSAS FOR JIMMY is heading in the right direction and can continue his improvement here to take this at the expense of the interesting debutants Organic Jenny and Karas.

21:23 Gulfstream (USA) 15 Jun 2018

Race 5 - Maiden Special Weight (3YO plus)

Winner $28,980 - 10 run - Draw Advantage: None

5

1m

Firm

Weighed In
No. Form Silk / Saddlecloth / Horse Name Age / wt Jockey / trainer
1
0-54
i
1
Hunter green, gold stars, gold stars on white sleeves, hunter green cap (Palmer, Teresa And Palmer, David J)

Strike My Fancy 19 

b f Smart Strike - Sure Peg (Arch)

3 8-6
Nik JuarezLilli Kurtinecz
2
523-452
i
2
Kelly green, pink dots, green and pink halved sleeves, pink cap (Patricia Generazio)

Expect An Entry 36 

dk f Point Of Entry - Expect Becky (Valid Expectations)

3 8-6
Leonel ReyesJoseph Orseno
3
52-94
i
3
Red, white horse, red cap (Thoroughbred Champions Training Center Llc)

Grand Tap 27 

gr/ f Tapizar - Grand in Grey (Alphabet Soup)

3 8-6
Jorge PerezJaime Mejia
4
8
i
4
Light blue and gold blocks, gold sleeves, white stripes, blue and gold quartered cap (John Oxley)

Gone Blues 82 

dk f Curlin - Capote Blues (Capote)

3 8-6
Emisael JaramilloMark Casse
5
i
5
Green and white halved, green armlets on white sleeves, green cap (P And G Stable)

Mambo Dancer 

b f Blame - Mountain Mambo (Mt. Livermore)

3 8-6
Tyler GaffalioneTodd Pletcher
6
8-67
i
6
Black, light blue ball, black armlets on light blue sleeves, black cap (Skyscraper Racing, LLC)

Honor Indy 34 

b f To Honor And Serve - Queen's Wood (Tiznow)

3 8-6
Carlos MontalvoCharles Simon
7
63
i
7
Burgundy, white hoops, burgundy sleeves, burgundy cap (Pegasus Stud LLC)

Baroness Vontrappe 62 

dk f Trappe Shot - Sweetbriar Academy (Royal Academy)

3 8-6 (ow3)
Jeffrey SanchezRalph Nicks
8
4
i
8
Red, gold dots, gold hoops on sleeves, red cap (Seltzer, Krista And Edward)

Ravinia 41 

ch f Field Commission - Red Orchestra (Greatness)

3 8-6
Christian DominguezCurtis Garrison
9
5-24
i
9
Royal Blue, Yellow disc, Royal Blue cap (Steven Dwoskin)

Janet B Doesit All 54 

b f Northern Afleet - Wicked Speed (Macho Uno)

3 8-6
Miguel VasquezSteven Dwoskin
10
555
i
10
Kelly Green, White Chevron hoop, Yellow Sleeves, Green and Yellow Quartered Cap (Westbury Stables LLC)

Sierra Aleone 103 

dk f Gemologist - Clear March (Vindication)

3 8-6
Edgard ZayasMark Casse
Verdict

EXPECT AN ENTRY knocked on the door last time and could go one better here to take this. Baroness Vontrappe is improving and on the shortlist, with Ravinia also considered.

21:55 Gulfstream (USA) (Dirt) 15 Jun 2018

Race 6 - Claiming (3YO plus)

Winner $9,450 - 7 run - Draw Advantage: None

6

6f 110y

Fast (Dirt)

Weighed In
No. Form Silk / Saddlecloth / Horse Name Age / wt Jockey / trainer
1
6-61976
i
1
Royal blue, gold disc, royal blue cap (MARK MOLINA)

Queen Lizzie 19 

b f Empire Way - High Peaks (Peaks and Valleys)

3 8-4 (ow5)
Jeffrey SanchezJennifer Hayford
2
447515
i
2
Green, red stars, yellow chevron, red, yellow and green bars on white sleeves, red cap (Amzad Jehaludi)

Riomar 14 

b f Graeme Hall - Polka Dot Miss (Pentelicus)

D
4 8-10
Marcos MenesesMohamed Jehaludi
3
457324
i
3
Yellow, red crossed sashes, black sleeves, yellow cap (Oswaldo Puche)

Star Mily 14 

b m Cowtown Cat - Free Slam (Grand Slam)

5 8-10
Reylu GutierrezJavier Negrete
4
612143
i
4
Purple, yellow ball, purple stripes on yellow sleeves, purple cap (Mike Anderson Racing Llc)

Gemstone Linda 19 

ch f Gemologist - Saltnvinegar (Two Punch)

D
4 8-10
Samy CamachoJose Chavez
5
054646
i
5
Red, blue crossed sashes, yellow star on black diamond, blue sleeves, red cap (Esperanza Carrera, Inc)

Miss Stalwart 22 

ch f Flatter - Light Grip (Quiet American)

D
4 8-10
Jilver ChamafiJavier Negrete
6
8521-41
i
6
Orange, white hoops, white bars on sleeves, orange cap (Doble Jak Investment Llc)

Power Jak 20 

b f Power Broker - Elusive Passage (Elusive Quality)

D
3 8-6 (ow1)
Romero MaraghGilberto Zerpa
7
221153
i
7
White, green stars, red hoops on sleeves, red cap (Alfonso Cammarota)

Up The Road 8 

dk f Quality Road - Up a Notch (Lone Star Sky)

D
3 8-4 (ow5)
Kevin CarmonaAntonio Sano
Verdict

POWER JAK scored well last time, her second win in three, and she gets the nod here over Star Mily and Gemstone Linda.

22:28 Gulfstream (USA) 15 Jun 2018

Race 7 - Claiming (3YO plus)

Winner $15,120 - 12 run - Draw Advantage: None

7

5f

Firm

Weighed In
No. Form Silk / Saddlecloth / Horse Name Age / wt Jockey / trainer
1
156215
i
1
Dark blue with lime green hearts, dark blue hoop on lime green sleeves, lime green cap (Imaginary Stables)

Deneb 21 

b g Tapizar - Baby Lou (ALYDEED)

D
4 8-10
Emisael JaramilloElizabeth Dobles
2
724225-
i
2
Grey, red diamond, black sleeves, grey cap (Maurice Miller Llc)

Texas Rustler 203 

b g Put It Back - Texas Guinan (Pine Bluff)

D
9 8-10
Edgard ZayasMickey Kroger
3
592563
i
3
Red, green ball, green and black halved sleeves (Laurence Foggle)

Very Colorful 42 

b g Keyed Entry - Melody of Colors (Concorde's Tune)

D
7 8-10
Miguel VasquezDavid Kassen
4
753-263
i
4
Silver, emerald green sash, green band on sleeves, silver cap (Snookum Farms)

Igo Forgreatness 34 

b g Greatness - Glory City (Sezyou)

D
5 8-10
Romero MaraghCharles Simon
5
515-841
i
5
Black, white ball (Averill Racing Llc)

I'm Cardinal 84 

gr/ g Greatness - Priorities Change (The Name's Jimmy)

D
8 8-10
Reylu GutierrezRalph Ziadie
6
31112-0
i
6
Blue, white star, red sleeves, blue cap (Jose Alarcon)

Coal Miners Son 13 

b g Cool Coal Man - Bear Prayer (Songandaprayer)

D
3 8-4
Jonathan GonzalesMonte Thomas
7
1-53561
i
7
Coral, white star, white band on coral sleeves, coral cap (Wilensky, Herman And Orgo, Harry)

Harry's Gone Gray 49 

gr/ g In Summation - Fly Express (Concorde's Tune)

D
4 8-10
Jeffrey SanchezHerman Wilensky
8
643-121
i
8
Red, white star, red stars on white sleeves, red cap (Richlyn Farms)

Architectural 29 

dk g Archarcharch - Street Survivor (Street Sense)

D
4 8-12
Carlos MontalvoWilliam Hickey
9
21639/1
i
9
Red, yellow dots, black sleeves, red cap (David Brownlee)

Coracrevi Team 21 

ch g Scat Daddy - Prime Kiss (Point Given)

D
5 8-10
Luis CastilloJuan Arias
10
11-7265
i
10
Black, red cross sashes, black sleeves, red cap (Sara Zimmerman)

Lost For Words 42 

b h In Summation - Lost Springs (Wekiva Springs)

D
5 8-10
Aby MedinaHenry Collazo
11
563249
i
11
Navy (Tundra Racing Stable)

Stone Heart 13 

ch c Rock Hampton - Megalov (Songandaprayer)

D
4 8-10
Tyler GaffalioneAllen Iwinski
12
67-5144
i
12
Kelly green, pink dots, green and pink halved sleeves, pink cap (Patricia Generazio)

Fast Eddie E 35 

dk g Wildcat Heir - Sky Gazer (Sky Mesa)

D
4 8-10
Nik JuarezJoseph Orseno
13
483311
i
13
Royal blue, gold triangle, royal blue cap (Wlodkowski, David, Collarmele Vitelli Stables Llc And Joseph Jr , Saffie)

African Chief 26 

gr/ g Girolamo - Prominent (El Prado)

D
Non Runner
Verdict

ARCHITECTURAL is lightly raced and open to further improvement having won again on his most recent start. Harry's Gone Gray and Igo Forgreatness look best of the remainder.

23:01 Gulfstream (USA) (Dirt) 15 Jun 2018

Race 8 - Allowance Optional Claiming (3YO plus)

Winner $25,200 - 6 run - Draw Advantage: None

8

1m

Fast (Dirt)

Weighed In
No. Form Silk / Saddlecloth / Horse Name Age / wt Jockey / trainer
1
61272
i
1
Blue, yellow diamond, yellow sleeves (Sunshine Racing Stable)

Real Fast Music 35 

b g Corfu - Ceely's Classic (Always A Classic)

3 8-4
Edgard ZayasKathleen O'Connell
2
524451
i
2
Lime, hot pink sleeves, hot pink cap (J Cavanaugh)

Always A Dreamer 18 

b c Stroll - Pan Am Gal (Johannesburg)

D
3 8-6
Samy CamachoRory Miller
3
321142
i
3
Red and yellow blocks, red sleeves, red cap (Super Super)

King Wildcat 8 

ch g Wildcat Heir - Fleet Shopper (Afleet Alex)

D
3 8-4
Leonel ReyesAngel Quiroz
4
4216-2
i
4
Purple, white diamond frame and 'p', white diamond hoop and cuffs on sleeves (My Purple Haze Stables)

Winking At Thedude 19 

ch c First Dude - Wink At The Boys (Graeme Hall)

D
3 8-4
Jose AlvarezTeresa Pompay
5
1
i
5
Maroon, white blocks, white stripes on sleeves, maroon cap (Arnoud Dobber)

Fog Warning 72 

gr/ c Winslow Homer - Get Noticed (Graeme Hall)

3 8-4 (ow1)
Tyler GaffalioneJohn Vinson
6
6-1
i
6
White, green ball (Arindel)

Weisser 34 

b c Brethren - Darby Rose (Red Bullet)

3 8-4 (ow5)
Jeffrey SanchezStanley Gold
Verdict

FOG WARNING made a pleasing start when getting off the mark on debut by four and a half lengths and he looks to have the scope for further improvement. Always A Dreamer and Real Fast Music look the most solid dangers.

23:33 Gulfstream (USA) 15 Jun 2018

Race 9 - Maiden Claiming (3YO plus)

Winner $14,490 - 12 run - Draw Advantage: None

9

1m

Firm

Weighed In
No. Form Silk / Saddlecloth / Horse Name Age / wt Jockey / trainer
1
3-37432
i
1
Yellow, black chevron, yellow sleeves, black cap (Seven Gables)

Irish Letters 47 

b g Wrote - Kawaguchi (Fusaichi Pegasus)

3 8-6
Carlos MontalvoCathy Rountree
2
i
2
Green, royal blue blocks, green cap (Bates Stable, Inc And Julian, Patricia)

The Scotsman 

dk g Sky Mesa - Quiet Hope (Quiet American)

3 8-6
Alvaro DonisLarry Bates
3
i
3
Yellow, white diamond hoop, white sleeves, yellow seams, yellow cap (Willow Pond Stable And Madden, Timothy)

Colin A Winner 

b c Point Of Entry - Empiress (Empire Maker)

3 8-6
Jesus RiosJena Antonucci
4
54435
i
4
White, royal blue ball, royal blue sleeves, white cap (Mary Haire)

Beach Treasure 42 

dk c Treasure Beach - East Long Lake (Sultry Song)

3 8-6
Miguel VasquezSteve Towne
5
253
i
5
Red, gold dots, gold hoops on sleeves, red cap (Seltzer, Krista And Edward)

Delta Levy 42 

ch c Field Commission - Rivery (Riverman)

3 8-6
Christian DominguezCurtis Garrison
6
12-2442
i
6
Black, white dots, black and white halved cap (Juan Arriagada)

Areyoutalkingtome 19 

ch g Tapizar - Senza Paura (Fly Till Dawn)

D BF
4 8-12
Roberto Alvarado JrJuan Arriagada
7
585-66
i
7
Yellow, black dots, yellow cap (Lhm Racing Stables Corp)

America's Simmard 112 

b c Simmard - America's Lady (Quiet American)

3 8-6
Luis CastilloAntonio Machado
8
3
i
8
Pink, white ball, pink dots on orange sleeves, pink cap (Zoom And Fish Stable Inc , Raroma Stable And Nicks, Ralph E)

Rumbago 41 

b g Soldat - Accent (Pulpit)

3 8-6
Tyler GaffalioneRalph Nicks
9
i
9
Green, gold shamrock, gold hoops on sleeves, green cap (Irish Eyes Stable And Red Diamond Stable)

Spanish Dude 

dk g First Dude - Spanish Gem (Spanish Steps)

3 8-6
Shane LavioletteMichelle Nihei
10
6-6694
i
10
Lime green, white disc, white stars on sleeves, lime green cap (Raf Productions, Ltd)

Broadcast Time 42 

dk g Justin Phillip - She's Authentic (Authenticate)

3 8-6
Edgard ZayasCam Gambolati
11
76635-5
i
11
Black, gold stars on sleeves, black cap (Bagwandeen, Clinton And Watt, Roan)

Nation U S A 6 

b g Cal Nation - Beau's Trip (Valley Crossing)

4 8-12
Andre RamgeetDaniel Gazader
12
332454
i
12
Orange, royal blue diamond belt, royal blue band on sleeves, orange cap (Farfellow Farm, Ltd And Duco, Luis)

Peace Accord 19 

b c Justin Phillip - Treaty Of Kadesh (Victory Gallop)

3 8-6
Jonathan GonzalesLuis Duco
13
4349
i
13
Navy (Tom Monaco)

Christmas Treat 47 

b c Sidney's Candy - Megachurch (Pulpit)

Non Runner
14
6-748
i
14
Black and lime halves, lime sleeves, black cap (Midwest Thoroughbreds, Inc)

Angelino 47 

dk g Americain - Angel Amy (Theatrical)

Non Runner
15
7720
i
15
Lime, black blocks on white sleeves, lime cap (Crossed Sabres Farm Llc)

Coniston 29 

gr/ c Exchange Rate - FALCONESS (Forest Wildcat)

Non Runner
16
79-0795
i
16
White, black ball (Viana Group Inc)

Two Step Alpha 64 

b c Two Step Salsa - Sarafina (Johannesburg)

Non Runner
Verdict

RUMBAGO showed considerable promise on his debut and can take a decent step forward here at the expense of Irish Letters and Delta Levy.